Family Limited Partnership Agreement

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Family Limited Partnership Agreement: What You Need to Know

A Family Limited Partnership (FLP) is a type of arrangement where family members pool their resources and assets into a single partnership entity. The goal is to protect these assets and minimize taxes, while also providing a way to transfer wealth from one generation to the next. However, to ensure the smooth operation of an FLP, it`s crucial to have a well-drafted partnership agreement.

What is a Family Limited Partnership Agreement?

An FLP agreement is a legal document that outlines the terms of the partnership between family members. The agreement will typically include the following key provisions:

1. Ownership and Management: The partnership agreement will specify who the general partners (GPs) and limited partners (LPs) are, and their respective roles and responsibilities. The GPs have control over the management of the partnership, while the LPs are passive investors. The agreement will also outline how the partnership`s profits and losses will be distributed among the partners.

2. Transfer of Ownership: The FLP agreement will also lay out the procedures for transferring ownership interests in the partnership. For example, if a partner wants to sell their share, the agreement will specify how this will be done and at what value.

3. Restrictions on Transfers: The agreement may also include restrictions on transfers of ownership interests. For instance, the GPs may require LPs to obtain their consent before selling their shares to someone outside of the family.

4. Taxation: One of the primary reasons for setting up an FLP is to minimize taxes. The partnership agreement will spell out how the partnership`s income will be taxed and how any deductions or credits will be allocated among the partners.

Benefits of an FLP Agreement

Having a well-drafted FLP agreement can offer several benefits to family members. Some of these benefits include:

1. Asset Protection: By placing assets into the partnership, they are shielded from potential creditors or legal claims.

2. Tax Savings: An FLP can provide significant tax benefits to families. For example, if a family member gifts shares of the partnership to their children, it can reduce or eliminate any gift tax liability.

3. Transfer of Wealth: An FLP can provide a way to transfer wealth from one generation to the next. By gifting shares of the partnership, a family member can pass down assets and control of the partnership to their children, while also minimizing taxes.


In summary, an FLP agreement is a vital document for families looking to protect their assets, minimize taxes, and transfer wealth from one generation to the next. It`s essential to work with an experienced attorney to ensure that the partnership agreement reflects the family`s goals and objectives and complies with all applicable laws and regulations. By doing so, a family can enjoy the many benefits that come with owning and managing an FLP.